NC OSHERC Website
Kathleen Buckheit, MPH, RN, COHN-S/CM/SM, FAAOHN
Phone 919-962-2101 | Fax 919-966-7579
EPA Lead Renovation, Repair & Painting (RRP)
EPA training requirements are now in place for Certified Lead Renovators! This 8-hr EPA course approved by the State of North Carolina will certify participants for compliance with the Initial Lead (RRP) Renovation, Repair and Painting training requirements. On April 22, 2010, the US EPA implemented new rules (40 CFR Part 745) which apply to contractors who renovate or repair housing, child-care facilities or schools built before 1978. Under the new rules, trained contractors and workers must follow lead-safe work practice standards to reduce potential exposure to dangerous levels of lead during renovation and repair activities. The requirements apply to anyone who could potentially expose children to lead dust during their work and includes builders, painters, plumbers, and electricians.
This course is for anyone who could potentially expose children to lead dust. Make sure your business is prepared for this new regulatory mandate by attending our Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting course.
Lead-safe work practices, strategies for implementing work practices and documentation and recordkeeping requirements will be taught.
Class size is limited. Early registration is suggested.
Click HERE to visit our website!
Dilip T. Shah, PhD, CIH, Associate Professor
at NC Agriculture and Technology State University (NC A&T), School
of Technology, Department of Construction Management and
Occupational Safety and Health was honored to be nominated by past
department chair, Dr. David Dillon, for the Teacher of the Year Award
for 2010-2011. A portfolio of Dr. Shah’s accomplishments,
including letters of recommendations from fellow faculty members,
current and former students, and professional colleagues was presented
to the Dean of the School and reviewed by a committee of peers.
This award was presented to Dr. Shah at the NC State
University Honor's Day Convocation in March 2011. He was awarded a
plaque and monetary stipend of $ 1,000. Showing his generosity
and care for the students, Dr. Shah donated the award money to five
student organizations in the School of Technology.
Craig Schroll, CSP, CET
It is with great sadness that we report NC OSHERC has recently lost one of its star instructors. On March 10, 2011, Craig Schroll, CSP, CET, 54, passed away after a short, but courageous, battle with cancer. Craig was one of the country’s leading authorities on hazardous materials training and confined space entry training. As a very important member of the faculty for the Continuing Education and Hazardous Substances Training Programs, he taught in several continuing education courses including Confined Space Entry, Industrial Hygiene Sampling, and Fundamentals of Industrial Hygiene. He was the coordinator for the Industrial Hygiene Lab, providing an extensive array of sampling equipment and expertise, and an advisor for the HAZMAT courses for many years.
Craig was a Certified Safety Professional, Chartered Professional Member Safety Institute of Australia, Certified Environmental Trainer, Certified Utility Safety Administrator, and Certified Hazard Control Manager. He earned a Bachelor’s degree in Fire Science Management from Troy State University where he graduated with honors and an Associate’s degree in Fire Science Technology from the Community College of the Air Force.
Prior to starting his own company, FIRECON, in 1980, Craig served in several occupational and environmental health and safety capacities. He was an instructor for a state Fire Academy, where he worked with industry and the fire service. As Operations Chief of a Hazardous Materials Response Team, he developed policies and procedures, planned and conducted training, selected equipment, prepared emergency response plans, and commanded the response at hazardous materials incidents. Craig was a Fire Protection Specialist in the U. S. Air Force where he served in both the response and technical services areas. He held numerous positions in the volunteer fire service and county HazMat team.
Craig’s articles have been published in many professional and trade journals and he authored a book titled "Industrial Fire Protection Handbook" published by CRC Press. Craig did extensive volunteer work with ANSI standards committees, committees of the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), and groups ranging from the Lancaster County Industrial Safety Council to the Safety Institute of Australia.
Craig’s passion and tireless commitment for worker safety will be missed, as will his generosity, quick smile, and booming laugh. Thank you to Craig for his many years of collaboration with the staff of NC OSHERC and his contributions to occupational and environmental safety and health.
NAAEE 40th ANNUAL CONFERENCE
North American Association for Environmental Education
Download the PDF: Managing disease through linking data
David Richardson, PhD
Director, Occupational Epidemiology Program
Gillings School of Global Public Health
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Campus Box #7435
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435
For more information on the Occupational Epidemiology Program, visit: http://osherc.sph.unc.edu/academic/occ_epid.htm
Bonnie Rogers, DrPH, COHN-S, LNCC, FAAN
Director, NC Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center
Director, Occupational Health Nursing Program
Master of Public Health Program
We have two new students who will start the MPH Program in January 2011. They are Kim Dennison, from Perry Michigan, and Saundra Trouslot
from Virginia Beach, VA. Kim completed the Certificate in
Occupational Health Nursing Program in May 2010 and passed her COHN-S
exam in the fall. She has been very busy but still found time to
apply to the MPH Program and we are glad to have her back.
We welcome Kim and Saundra to our
Applications for the Master of Public Health (MPH) in the Occupational Health Nursing (OHN) Concentration, fall (August) semester will be accepted until October, 2011. Information about the MPH Program in the OHN concentration may be accessed at http://www.sph.unc.edu/phlp/distance_mph_in_occupational_health_nursing_2083_7115.html
The Program provides partial funding for tuition through the
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Training
If you have questions about the program, please contact, Judy Ostendorf at 919-966-2597 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Certificate in Occupational Health Nursing Program
Believe it or not, we will be meeting our fifth group of Certificate students in August, when they come to campus for eight days to attend Dr. Bonnie Rogers’ Occupational Health Nursing I class. There are eight students in the fifth group; they are Barbara Choryan from Wyoming, MI; Mindy Guillory from Mechanicsburg, PA; Pam Herschfeld from Bensalem, PA; Kirk Huslage from Durham, NC; Joel Malak from Brooklyn, WI; Linda Mensing from Mapleton, MN; Ambir Pankau from Guam; and Susan Schueler from Louisa, VA. During these eight days on-campus they will attend class and the NORA Seminar and reception, visit several manufacturing sites in the area, and deliver presentations. The remaining coursework for PHNU 781 will be completed throughout the fall semester, after the students return home.
Applications for the Certificate in Occupational Health Nursing Program, fall semester (August 2012) will be accepted until February, 2012. Information about the Certificate in Occupational Health Nursing Program and the application can be accessed at http://www.sph.unc.edu/phlp/occupational_health_nursing_certificate_16754_11740.html
If you have questions about the program, please contact, Judy Ostendorf at 919-966-2597 or email@example.com.
OHN faculty had two articles accepted for publication about occupational health nursing education.
Awards, Honors, and Recognitions
Leena Nylander-French, PhD
Director, Occupational Hygiene Training Program
For more information on Industrial Hygiene, contact Dr. Nylander-French at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit http://www.sph.unc.edu/envr/focus_industrial_hygiene_2138_9181.html
Program Trainee and Faculty Awards/Honors/Appointments/Recognitions
Congratulations to our trainees who graduated this spring and summer!
Kyle Messier (advisor Prof. Marc Serre) and Zachary Robbins (advisor Prof. Leena A. Nylander-French) received Master of Science degrees. Both of them continued in our doctoral program. Mark Salsbury (advisor Leena A. Nylander-French) received his Master of Science in Public Health degree. Jennifer Thomasen (advisor Leena A. Nylander-French) received her Doctor of Philosophy in degree. Jennifer also received the best student poster award by the AIHA Dermal Project Team in the American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition in Portland, Oregon in May 2011. She is currently a post-doctoral fellow in ESE continuing development of novel exposure assessment techniques for isocyanate exposure and investigating the methodologies to prevent diisocyanate exposure.
We also congratulate our program faculty, Professors Rebecca Fry and Michael Flynn, who were co-recipient of Newton-Underhill Teaching Award in May 2011.
Summer is here and we have geared up to begin field sampling in our joint research project with the University of Washington NIOSH ERC (Prof. Michael Yost) and the Safety & Health Assessment & Research for Prevention Program of the Washington State Department of Labor and Industry to investigate diisocyanate exposures and the effectiveness of protecting clothing to prevent diisocyanate exposure in automotive refinishing industry. This experience will provide our trainees with research experience in conducting filed studies to develop exposure assessment methods, to investigate exposure-dose-response relationships, and to calibrate models for the optimal control of exposure. Our trainees have also been very busy in writing scientific publications this year. So far they have published 5 manuscripts and 3 have been submitted for publication.
David B. Kaber, PhD, CHFP
Director, Occupational Safety and Ergonomics Training Program
Edward P. Fitts Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering
For more information on this program, contact Dr. David Kaber via email or visit The Ergonomics Lab website at: http://www.ise.ncsu.edu/ergolab/niosh_tpg/niosh_tpg.php
Publications prepared by NIOSH Trainees
Recently Funded NIOSH Trainees
Michael is the lead for the project, “Haptic Simulation Design for Motor Rehabilitation and Fine Motor Skill Training.”
Will is currently assisting Shruti Gangakhedkar on an ergonomics based project for Duke Energy. The project is focusing on muscle fatigue in assembling and disassembling scaffolding for nuclear station maintenance tasks. The project will look at two alternative methods of clamps and tie downs. Currently, Will is busy developing a statistical model to test the effects of the many factors that go into this job. In the coming months, Will and Shruti will begin to filter the data and begin a statistical analysis.
Meghan is currently involved in two research projects. The first of these projects is working on a team to research the consequences of driver distraction on situational awareness. With the overwhelming popularity of in-vehicle information systems, concerns have been raised as to how these may affect driver attention to the roadway and consequently, driver safety. Many previous studies have shown that distractions have a negative effect on driver performance; however, these studies focus on performance outcome measures and not the effects on driver cognitive functions that may drive performance. The objective of the driving simulation study is to understand how visual and cognitive distraction affects driver situation awareness (SA) and, consequently performance.
Meghan’s second project is to analyze the effects of nine panel logo signs on driver visual distraction and performance. At many interchanges on North Carolina freeways, the number of businesses providing certain services exceeds the current maximum permissible number of panels per logo sign (six). In 2005, the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) began experimenting with nine-panel signs at some of these locations. However, current DOT policy (the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices) maintains that “no more than six logo sign panels shall be displayed on a single specific service sign.” A concern of some highway system researchers is that more signs or signs with more information might add to driver distraction. The present study will extend previous research by determining whether increased glances or scans of signs along the highway cause distractions that adversely affect driver ability to safely navigate on roadways.
Meghan also spends time each week working at the Ergonomics Center of North Carolina on a variety of projects.
Kinley is working on a team, with Biwen Zhu and Manida Swangnetr, conducting research with a nursing robot to assess the effects of combined humanoid robot features on human emotion during a simulated medicine delivery task. With the technology advances in healthcare and the potential nursing shortage, the Ergonomics Lab is assessing the emotional responses of people when they are approached by and have to interact with a robot. An experiment was designed including seven different robot humanoid feature configurations replicated three different times to create a total of twenty-one test trials. Physiological measures were used, including heart rate (HR), galvanic skin response (GSR), and electromyography (EMG), to determine the emotional responses of the participants during the trials. Surveys were collected at the end of each trial, and a final interview was conducted to obtain participants subjective ratings of the robot configuration.
Kinley has been working on this
project since September 2009. Since then, she has assisted Manida and
Biwen in planning, conducting, and doing data analysis for the
experiment. They have found that increasing the humanoid features of
the robot increases the positive emotional responses of the
Kinley has also been
working with Gukho Gil on updating and adding new material to this
Ergonomics Lab website. She has taken pictures of the equipment in the
labs, updated information, and helped to create these webpages for
the NIOSH Trainees.
As the aging populating in the United States steadily increases, it is especially important to recognize the needs of the elderly. Along with increased age come new sets of functional challenges. Studies have shown that both cognitive and mental abilities decrease with age. These new challenges are not without their solutions. The advent of new technology and better medicine, coupled with a better understanding of the aging process of the human body, have allowed people to live longer than before. However, it is important not only to extend their lives, but also to ensure them a high quality of life. Removing the causes of pains and potential accidents are noted concerns of many. With that in mind, there have been a growing number of products, services, and industries tailored to the specific needs of the elderly.
The focus of this research is the design of bottles,
in particular, the laundry detergent bottle. The act of pouring liquid
out of a bottle is one similarly reproduced in many work and home
environments. The laundry detergent bottle was chosen because of its
ubiquity in households. The most common types of laundry detergents
bottles are relatively heavy, and their handling may pose a problem for
people with upper extremity disorders or weaknesses. Their use
requires precise control to safely and accurately pour the desired
amount of liquid into a small target (usually the bottle cap).
Spilling the detergent could be potentially frustrating and hazardous
to the user. The bottle redesign will incorporate the principles of
universal design to ultimately reduce the physical stress on the user
and extend access and usability to the largest possible population.
For more information on the Duke Occupational Medicine Program and Residency, visit: osherc.sph.unc.edu/academic/occ_med.htm
Dennis Darcey featured in Neurology
Background: Commonly used organophosphate and organochlorine pesticides inhibit acetylcholinesterase at synapses in the somatic, autonomic, and central nervous systems and may therefore have lasting effects on the nervous system. Few studies have examined the relationship of pesticide exposure and risk of dementia or Alzheimer disease (AD). We sought to examine the association of occupational pesticide exposure and the risk of incident dementia and AD in later life.
Methods: Residents of the agricultural community of Cache County, UT, who were aged 65 years and older as of January 1995, were invited to participate in the study. At baseline, participants completed detailed occupational history questionnaires that included information about exposures to various types of pesticides. Cognitive status was assessed at baseline and after 3, 7, and 10 years. Standardized methods were used for detection and diagnosis of dementia and AD. Cox proportional hazards survival analyses were used to evaluate the risk of incident dementia and AD associated with pesticide exposure.
Results: Among 3,084 enrollees without dementia, more men than women reported pesticide exposure (p < 0.0001). Exposed individuals (n = 572) had more years of education (p < 0.01) but did not differ from others in age. Some 500 individuals developed incident dementia, 344 with AD. After adjustment for baseline age, sex, education, APOE ε4 status, and baseline Modified Mini-Mental State Examination scores, Cox proportional hazards models showed increased risks among pesticide-exposed individuals for all-cause dementia, with hazard ratio (HR) 1.38 and 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09–1.76, and for AD (HR 1.42, 95% CI 1.06–1.91). The risk of AD associated with organophosphate exposure (HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.05–2.23) was slightly higher than the risk associated with organochlorines (HR 1.49, 95% CI 0.99–2.24), which was nearly significant.
Conclusions: Pesticide exposure may increase the risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease in late life.
Study funding: Supported by NIH/NIA R01-AG1380 and P30-AG 028377 [APOE genotyping].
Disclosure: Author disclosures are provided at the end of the article.
Received October 23, 2009. Accepted in final form February 5, 2010.
Tamara James, Duke Ergonomics Director, published in the
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
From: Hedge, A., James, T., Pavlovic-Veselinovic, S., Ergonomics Concerns and the Impact of Healthcare Information Technology, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol 41, Issue 4, July 2011, pages 345-351.
The US healthcare industry is poised on the verge of a massive
expansion of its information technology infrastructure. Healthcare
information technology (IT) is permeating numerous areas of healthcare
delivery and fundamentally changing the nature of many healthcare jobs.
When a comparable expansion in HIT use occurred in the office
environment in the 1980s, little attention was paid to ergonomic design
principles for computer work and the consequence was an increase in
work-related musculoskeletal disorders throughout the 1990s. There are
already signs of similar problems among certain groups of healthcare
Consequently, it is vital that when the implementation of HIT is
undertaken attention is paid to computer ergonomics programs. This
review presents evidence that current patterns of HIT use may pose
increased risks of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. It
summarizes some of the main ergonomic design principles enshrined in
standards that mitigate such problems. It points to the future
expansion of ergonomics programs beyond the traditional workplace and
into the realms of telecommuting.
Results from this review can be used to optimize the implementation of future HIT initiatives in ways that will benefit user performance while minimizing their injury risks.
Relevance to industry: This review describes the rapid proliferation of HIT applications and the importance of ergonomic considerations in mitigating injury risks and optimizing the implementation of HIT systems.
This is the very brief season when the online Occ-Env-Med-L forum is soliciting support from those who rely on its availability for an ongoing sense of community among professionals in Occupational & Environmental Health. The forum's membership includes all disciplines, virtually all points of view, dozens of countries and represents the best opportunity to solicit opinions from colleagues across the spectrum of our professional world.
Donations to keep the infrastructure sound (including the
moderator's continual efforts to maintain a civil and informative tone
among our thousands of readers) should be sent to the University's
(deductible) fund. Contributions do more than pay for a necessary service. It also shows the world (and both agency and commercial potential sponsors) that the forum is valued by its thousands of readers.
Details on donating to support the forum are at http://donate.occhealthnews.net . Please remember to mention if your employer will match contributions from staff.
Additionally, the forum is asking its readership to participate in
a brief survey, so we can know more about those who ARE our community.
The survey is intended to include those who receive only a subset of the daily message traffic forwarded by their colleagues who do subscribe, so we can better estimate and characterize our actual readership.
The survey is brief (less than 15 minutes even if you're especially thoughtful), and intentionally anonymous. Please find the questions at http://survey.occhealthnews.net or http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/Occ-Env-Med-L.
If you have a question about the forum, or a want help enrolling a colleague, please contact me directly: Gary Greenberg:
Thanks for your participation in all the discussions and support of our virtual community..
Join the Occ-Env-Med-Listserv!
Gary N. Greenberg, MD MPH
There are now more than 4,000 subscribers, but the reach is much greater
since many readers routinely forward their favorite (or most important)
messages to professional partners who choose not to
personally receive the approximately 200 messages distributed monthly. You can choose the option to receive one Email per day, listing the topics of the day, to read or not as your choice. Among subscribers, we include more than 70 different countries and a wide distribution of professions, employment sites and special topics in Occupational & Environmental Health.
Though subscription and participation is without charge, our recent fund-drive raised hundreds of voluntary contributions, provided to maintain the moderator and technical support required for a useful resource.
NC Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center
Bonnie Rogers, DrPH, COHN-S, LNCC, FAAN, Director
Supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health