NC OSHERC Website
Kathleen Buckheit, MPH, RN, COHN-S/CM/SM, FAAOHN
Phone 919-962-2101 | Fax 919-966-7579
33rd Annual Occupational Safety and Health Summer Institute
NEW Courses offered
1. Preparing for an OSHA Combustible Dust Inspection
Because OSHA has implemented it Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program, Industrial Hygienists are being asked by their companies to review their processes and to identify any existing gaps between OSHA and National Fire Protection Associating requirements. OSHA has also begun the several year process to develop formal general industry Combustible Dust Regulations. This course will prepare IH’s to assess combustible dust gaps and describe possible mitigation strategies to move towards compliance ahead of whatever regulatory deadlines that may be set.
Please see the website for more details: http://osherc.sph.unc.edu/ce/courses/dust_insp.htm
2. Ethics for Industrial Hygienists Course
Beginning in 2010, new applicants and CIHs/CAIHs due to recertify are required to document that they have completed at least two (2) hours of coursework in ethics.
The Ethics for Industrial Hygienists Course was developed to meet the ABIH 2-hr requirement for ethics training and as an overview of ethics for industrial hygienists.
See the website for more information: http://osherc.sph.unc.edu/ce/courses/ethics.htm
EPA Lead Renovation, Repair & Painting (RRP)
EPA training requirements are now in place for Certified Lead Renovators! This 8-hr EPA course approved by the State of North Carolina will certify participants for compliance with the Initial Lead (RRP) Renovation, Repair and Painting training requirements. On April 22, 2010, the US EPA implemented new rules (40 CFR Part 745) which apply to contractors who renovate or repair housing, child-care facilities or schools built before 1978. Under the new rules, trained contractors and workers must follow lead-safe work practice standards to reduce potential exposure to dangerous levels of lead during renovation and repair activities. The requirements apply to anyone who could potentially expose children to lead dust during their work and includes builders, painters, plumbers, and electricians.
This course is for anyone who could potentially expose children to lead dust. Make sure your business is prepared for this new regulatory mandate by attending our Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting course.
Lead-safe work practices, strategies for implementing work practices and documentation and recordkeeping requirements will be taught.
Class size is limited. Early registration is suggested.
Visit our website at: http://osherc.sph.unc.edu/ce/courses/lead_rrp.htm
65th Annual Workers’ Compensation Educational Conference and 22nd Annual Safety & Health Conference
Orlando World Center, Marriott
Conference of Partnerships:
This nationally acclaimed annual conference remains the premier forum for the study of workers’ compensation, workplace safety and health, and related issues primarily because of the continued partnerships of state and national associations, all being recognized as leaders within their industries. Partners within this group include The National Underwriter Company, the Florida Safety & Health Institute, the Florida Underwriter, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), University of South Florida, and the original organizer, The Florida Workers’ Compensation Institute. The National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) continues its sponsorship of The National Underwriter Award for Excellence in Workers’ Compensation Risk Management. Other participating organizations include the Florida and National Associations of PEOs, the Florida Orthopedic Society, the Florida Chiropractic Association, the Florida Association of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Physicians, the Florida Academy of Pain Management, the Florida Society of Interventional Pain Physicians, the Educational Research Centers at the Universities of North Carolina, Alabama and South Florida, and the Workers’ Compensation Claims Professionals (WCCP). For the first year, we welcome the National Alliance of Medicare Set Aside Professionals as a program participant. Leading providers in the workers’ compensation system have become prime sponsors of the conference and join the partnerships to create the most comprehensive workers’ compensation and workplace safety conference in the nation.
The North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center provides Hazardous Substance Training (HST) courses as scheduled and contract courses that can be tailored to a particular group's needs. The target audiences for HST training include:
The training is intended to prepare professional personnel to properly carry out their responsibilities in the hazardous substance response and site remediation activities authorized by Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986. This workforce is in continuing need of training through continuing education courses with specialization in the occupational and environmental health and safety field.
Some HST courses include:
For additional information on Hazardous Substances, go to the NIEHS Superfund Basic Research Program
OSHA Regulation Alert: Combustible Dust Rule is coming!
Following the 2008 Imperial Sugar explosion in Georgia, which killed, hospitalized or severely burned numerous employees, OSHA has been aggressively working toward drafting a comprehensive rule to address the larger issue of dust explosions in general industry, not just grain handlers. Between 2007-2009, OSHA conducted 813 targeted inspections on affected facilities, issuing 3,662 citations primarily via the General Duty Clause. In summarizing their findings, OSHA noted that 32 industry or consensus standards (i.e., NFPA, ASME, ANSI) address combustible dust, but that no single, comprehensive rule or standard exists.
Many industry sectors will be affected. Per OSHA, “Materials that may form combustible dust include, but are not limited to, wood, coal, plastics, biosolids, candy, sugar, spice, starch, flour, feed, grain, fertilizer, tobacco, paper, soap, rubber, drugs, dried blood, dyes, certain textiles, and metals (such as aluminum and magnesium). Industries that may have combustible dust hazards include, among others: Animal food manufacturing, grain handling, food manufacturing, wood product manufacturing, chemical manufacturing, textile manufacturing, furniture manufacturing, metal processing, fabricated metal products and machinery manufacturing, pesticide manufacturing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, tire manufacturing, production of rubber and plastics, plastics and rubber products manufacturing, recycling, wastewater treatment, and coal handling.”
The proposed rule will reference NFPA 654 (Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids)and NFPA 484 (Standard for Combustible Metals), and will include requirements for hazard assessments, engineering controls, housekeeping, building design, explosions controls, SOPs and worker training. The Hazard Communication standard will be revised to include combustible dust as a hazardous material. Public comment ended January 19, 2010. Expect the draft rule soon and implementation possibly within a year.
Occupational Epidemiology Program
The program emphasizes research training at the doctoral level. Completion of the PhD typically requires three to five years following the master's or professional degree. Applicants who are interested in the PhD but do not have a graduate degree may be admitted to the doctoral program, but are expected to earn the Master of Science in Public Health (MSPH) as an intermediate step. The MPH in epidemiology is also available as a terminal professional degree for physicians and others with prior doctoral-level professional degrees.
The PhD in epidemiology prepares students for careers in research and teaching. Students develop skills in occupational epidemiology through course work, involvement in research projects and practice opportunities.
David Richardson, PhD
For more information on the Occupational Epidemiology Program, visit: http://osherc.sph.unc.edu/academic/occ_epid.htm
Occupational Health Nursing Program
Bonnie Rogers, DrPH, COHN-S, LNCC, FAAN
Master of Public Health Program
Congratulations to one of our Master of Public Health (MPH) students who graduated in May 2010 – Shawna Hutchins, from Silver Spring, Maryland and Gold Canyon, AZ.
We have four new students who will start the MPH Program this fall. They are Kerry Garth from West Point, NY; Dawn Mopkins from Richmond, TX; James Remington from Durham, NC; and Jody Spivey from Helena, MT. We welcome them to our program and will meet them in person when they come to campus in August to attend Dr. Rogers’ Occupational Health Nursing Class I.
Applications for the Master of Public Health (MPH) in the
Occupational Health Nursing (OHN) Concentration, spring (January)
semester will be accepted until October 1, 2010. Information about
the MPH Program in the OHN concentration may be accessed at http://www.sph.unc.edu/phlp/distance_mph_in_occupational_health_nursing_2083_7115.html
The Program provides partial funding for tuition through the
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Training
If you have questions about the program, please contact, Judy Ostendorf at 919-966-2597 or email@example.com.
We will be meeting our fourth group of Certificate students in
August, when they come to campus to attend Dr. Bonnie Rogers’
Occupational Health Nursing I class. There are eight students in the
third group; they are Sandra Bailey from Sadieville, KY; Tyia Dawson from West Jefferson, NC; Stephen Kalb from Tujunga, CA; Heidi Oberbeck from Louisville, CO; Kayode Ogungbohun from Ogun State, Nigeria; Vincent Pair from Griffin, GA; Debra Schmitz from Newark, IL; and Ashley Vanov
from Florence, KY. The students will attend the NORA Seminar and
reception, attend class, visit several manufacturing sites in the
area, and give presentations.
If you have questions about the program, please contact, Judy Ostendorf at 919-966-2597 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more information on Industrial Hygiene, contact Dr. Nylander-French at email@example.com or visit http://www.sph.unc.edu/envr/focus_industrial_hygiene_2138_9181.html
Environmental Sciences and Engineering
Two NC OSHERC Industrial Hygiene trainees, Sheila Flack and Linda Gaines (Nylander-French, Advisor), received their doctoral degrees in Environmental Sciences and Engineering on May 9th, 2010.
Sheila’s doctoral dissertation was entitled “Biological monitoring of occupational exposure to monomeric 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate” and Linda’s “1,6-Hexamethylene Diamine (HDA) as a Urinary Biomarker for Dermal and Inhalation Exposure to 1,6-Hexamethylene Diisocyanate (HDI) in Automotive Spray-Painters”. Both Sheila and Linda attended the Society of Toxicology meeting held March 7-11 in Salt Lake City, UT. They both presented posters discussing their works on biological monitoring for diisocyanate exposures. Sheila also attended the American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition held May 22-27 in Denver, CO to present two posters entitled “Hemoglobin adducts and plasma metabolites as biomarkers of exposure to 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate” by Flack, Gaines, Fent, Thomasen, Whittaker, Ball, and Nylander–French and “Factors affecting levels of urinary biomarker 1,6-hexamethylene diamine (HDA) after exposure to 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI)” by Gaines, Fent, Flack, Thomasen, Ball, Whittaker, and Nylander-French.
In addition, Jennifer Thomasen, NC OSHERC Industrial Hygiene trainee and a doctoral candidate in Environmental Sciences and Engineering, attended AIHCe in Denver, CO and delivered an oral presentation entitled “Penetration Patterns of 1,6-Hexamethylene Diisocyanate Monomer in Human Skin.”
Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (OSE)
Use of cage in transporting patient to destination.
Patient floor restraint technique
Recommended high-load capacity pull-out shelf for base of cage
Kinley Taylor initiated a new research project focused on modeling
risk factors to hygiene in healthcare operations. The Ergonomics Lab
is working with Massachusetts General hospital to establish the
frequency of staff exposures to sources of disease during outpatient
clinic operations and the severity of outcomes associated with specific
exposures. A taxonomy of (hand) hygiene risks is to be developed based
on actual hospital infection data and a review of the medical
literature. This work will be extended by an analysis of outpatient care
tasks to identify steps or staff practices that may degrade hygiene
throughout a workday. The taxonomy of risk factors and list of critical
tasks steps is to be verified by the hospital Infectious Disease Unit.
Based on the frequency and severity data for hygiene hazards, risk
scores will be determined for each type of hazard and used as a basis
to identify high priority hazards and tasks. Finally, a survey study is
to be conducted to capture staff perceptions of hygiene hazards in the
various steps of outpatient care. These perceptions will be compared
with objective risk scores for hazards in order to specify staff
education and training needs.
Basic taxonomy of hygiene risk factors.
Chad Uy is conducting a biomechanical study of detergent bottle handle design in order to provide new design recommendations for reducing wrist forces in dispensing detergent. Early in the spring semester, Chad investigated detergent pouring behaviors with conventional handle designs and developed biomechanical models of the wrist, elbow and shoulder. He also collected actual force data at the hand in order to quantify wrist torque in dispensing detergent. Chad is now working on new handle prototypes that are lightweight and easy to use.
Observation of detergent pouring behavior
New prototype detergent bottle handle design
This past spring term, NIOSH trainees, Will Heath & Chad Uy, and Dr. Simon Hsiang participated in the 2010 International Conference on Fall Prevention & Protection, held in Morgantown, WV from May 18-20.
This summer NIOSH trainees and other OSE students and faculty will participate in the Applied Human Factors & Ergonomics Conference
to be held in Miami. FL from July 17-20. Papers published by NC State
through the conference include, “Linguisitc Etiquette for Service
Robots in a Patient Medicine Delivery Task,” “Workload-based Evaluation
of Supervisory Control Interfaces for Life Science Automation,”
“Effects of Modes of Cockpit Automation on Pilot Performance and
Workload in a Next Generation Flight Concept of Operation,” “Testing
Measures of Aviation Display Clutter for Predicting Pilot Subjective
Impressions and Flight Performance,” “Characterization of Mental Models
in an Inductive Reasoning Task Using Measures of Situation Awareness,”
and “An Empirical Assessment of Driver Motivation, Emotional Response
and Driving Conditions on Risk-Taking Decisions.”
Program Trainee and Faculty Awards/Honors/Appointments/Recognitions
Ms. Manida Swangnetr and Mr. Biwen Zhu received Student Annual Meeting Awards from the Cognitive Engineering & Decision Making Technical Group (CEDM-TG) of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society (HFES). Awardees were selected based on funding need for participation in the HFES Annual Meeting, quality of essays regarding potential benefits of the meeting experience, and the strength of recommendations. All awardees received checks for $700 to be used for meeting participation related expenses.
David Kaber edited (with Guy Boy) a new volume on Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics, as part of the Proceedings of the 3rd Applied Human Factors & Ergonomics Conference to be held in Miami, FL in July 2010.
For more information on the Duke Occupational Medicine Program and Residency, visit: osherc.sph.unc.edu/academic/occ_med.htm
Conference Participation in 2010
Program Residents, Diane Ballerino-Regan and Qilin Song, presented at the 2010 ACOEM American Occupational Health Conference in Orlando, Florida.
Diane Ballerino-Regan, MD, MPH, MS, Duke University
Qilin Song, Duke University:
DUKE OEM Program receives maximum accreditation!
The Duke OEM Residency program received the maximum five year ACGME continued accreditation certification with commendation April 15, 2010. The program was also cited for an ACGME notable practice for it's Competency Curriculum Checklist.
Join the Occ-Env-Med-Listserv!
Gary N. Greenberg, MD MPH
There are now more than 4,000 subscribers, but the reach is much greater
since many readers routinely forward their favorite (or most important)
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personally receive the approximately 200 messages distributed monthly. You can choose the option to receive one Email per day, listing the topics of the day, to read or not as your choice. Among subscribers, we include more than 70 different countries and a wide distribution of professions, employment sites and special topics in Occupational & Environmental Health.
Though subscription and participation is without charge, our recent fund-drive raised hundreds of voluntary contributions, provided to maintain the moderator and technical support required for a useful resource.
Topics in recent discussion include:
OSHA Injury and Illness Recordkeeping Index
keyword index of OSHA Recordkeeping interpretations and terms used in
1904 – the OSHA injury and illness recordkeeping standard. Click on a
term or keyword and all of OSHA’s interpretations on this subject from
the standard, the preamble, the Frequently Asked Questions, the CPL,
OSHA Letters of Interpretation and oral and email interpretations that
CTJ has received from Federal OSHA will appear. You will receive the
Index on CD ROM.
Guide to OSHA Recordkeeping
NC Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center
Bonnie Rogers, DrPH, COHN-S, LNCC, FAAN, Director
Supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health